Short Communication

New population estimates for the endemic Kloss's gibbon Hylobates klossii on the Mentawai Islands, Indonesia

Danielle J. Whittaker a1
a1 Department of Anthropology, City University of New York Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA. E-mail djwhittaker@mindspring.com

Article author query
whittaker dj   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


The Vulnerable endemic Kloss's gibbon was surveyed throughout the Mentawai Islands, Sumatra, Indonesia, using a call-based method. Populations were estimated by extrapolating from local densities using recent assessments of remaining forest cover. About 20,000–25,000 Kloss's gibbons remain in nearly 3,000 km2 of forest (about 40% of the islands' total area). This number is markedly lower than a 1980 estimate of 36,000 on the northernmost island of Siberut. Conservation action to preserve the remaining populations should focus on strengthening the enforcement of regulations in Siberut National Park, formally protecting the Peleonan forest in north Siberut, and cooperating with a logging company in North and South Pagai to protect the populations in the company's self-established conservation and buffer areas.

(Received October 22 2004)
(Revised January 17 2005)
(Accepted April 22 2005)

Key Words: Hylobates klossii; Indonesia; Kloss's gibbon; Mentawai Islands; population survey; Sumatra.