Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Vortex rings impinging on walls: axisymmetric and three-dimensional simulations

Paolo  Orlandi  and Roberto  Verzicco 
Università di Roma “La Sapienza” Dipartimento di Meccanica e Aeronautica, via Eudossiana n0 18 00184, Roma, Italy

Article author query
orlandi p   [Google Scholar] 
verzicco r   [Google Scholar] 


Accurate numerical simulations of vortex rings impinging on flat boundaries revealed the same features observed in experiments. The results for the impact with a free-slip wall compared very well with previous numerical simulations that used spectral methods, and were also in qualitative agreement with experiments. The present simulation is mainly devoted to studying the more realistic case of rings interacting with a no-slip wall, experimentally studied by Walker et al. (1987). All the Reynolds numbers studied showed a very good agreement between experiments and simulations, and, at Rev > 1000 the ejection of a new ring from the wall was seen. Axisymmetric simulations demonstrated that vortex pairing is the physical mechanism producing the ejection of the new ring. Three-dimensional simulations were also performed to investigate the effects of azimuthal instabilities. These simulations have confirmed that high-wavenumber instabilities originate in the compression phase of the secondary ring within the primary one. The large instability of the secondary ring has been explained by analysis of the rate-of-strain tensor and vorticity alignment. The differences between passive scalars and the vorticity field have been also investigated.

(Published Online April 26 2006)
(Received November 13 1992)
(Revised May 3 1993)