Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society

Uniform Abel–Kreiss boundedness and the extremal behaviour of the Volterra operator 1

Alfonso Montes-Rodríguez a1, Juan Sánchez-Álvarez a1 and Jaroslav Zemánek a2
a1 Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Facultad de Matemáticas, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1160, Sevilla 41080, Spain. E-mail:
a2 Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 8 Sniadeckich, P.O. Box 21, 00-956 Warsaw, Poland. E-mail:

Article author query
montes-rodriguez a   [Google Scholar] 
sanchez-alvarez j   [Google Scholar] 
zemanek j   [Google Scholar] 


Let $V$ denote the classical Volterra operator. In this work, sharp estimates of the norm of $(I - V)^n$ acting on $L^p [0, 1]$, for $1 \leq p \leq \infty$, are obtained. As a consequence, $I - V$ acting on $L^p [0, 1]$, with $1 \leq p \leq \infty$, is power bounded if and only if $p = 2$. Thus the Volterra operator characterizes when $L^p [0, 1]$ is a Hilbert space. By means of sharp estimates of the $L^1$-norm of the $n$th partial sums of the generating function of the Laguerre polynomials on the unit circle, it is also proved that <formula form="inline" disc="math" id="frm012"><formtex notation="AMSTeX">$I - V$ is uniformly Kreiss bounded on the spaces $L^p [0,1]$, for $1 \leq p \leq \infty$.

A bounded linear operator $T$ on a Banach space is said to be Kreiss bounded if there is a constant $C > 0$ such that $\Vert (T - \lambda)^{-1} \Vert \leq C( | \lambda | - 1)^{-1}$ for $ | \lambda | > 1$. If the same upper estimate holds for each of the partial sums of the resolvent, then $T$ is said to be uniformly Kreiss bounded. This is, for instance, true for power bounded operators. For finite-dimensional Banach spaces, Kreiss' Matrix Theorem asserts that Kreiss boundedness is equivalent to $T$ being power bounded. Thus, in the infinite-dimensional setting, even a much stronger property than Kreiss boundedness still does not imply power boundedness. It is also shown that, for general operators, uniform Abel boundedness characterizes Cesàro boundedness and, as a consequence, uniform Kreiss boundedness is characterized in terms of a Cesàro type boundedness of order 1.

(Received August 24 2004)
(Revised January 27 2005)

Key Words: Volterra operator; power bounded; Kreiss bounded; Abel bounded; uniform Kreiss bounded; uniform Abel bounded; Cesàro bounded; Laguerre polynomial.

Maths Classification

47B38; 47G10.


1 This work was partially supported by ref. BFM2003-00034 of Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología and Junta de Andalucía FQM-260. The second author was also partially supported by a Marie Curie grant.