New Testament Studies


Fatigue in the Synoptics

Mark Goodacrea1

a1 Dept of Theology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, England

Matthew and Luke sometimes write versions of Marcan pericopae in which they make initial changes, only to lapse into the thought or wording of the original. Clear examples are Matt 14.1–12 xs2225Mark 6.14–29 (Death of John); Matt 8.1–4 xs2225 Mark 1.40–5 (Leper); Matt 12.46–50 xs2225 Mark 3.31–5 (Mother and Brothers); Luke 8.4–15 xs2225 Mark 4.1–20 (Sower); Luke 5.17–26 xs2225 Mark 2.1–12 (Paralytic) and Luke 9.10–17 xs2225 Mark 6.30–44 (Five Thousand), all of which make good sense on the theory of Marcan Priority. ‘Fatigue’ may also suggest a solution to the problem of double tradition material: Luke 9.1–6 (cf. Matt 10.5–15, Mission Charge) and Luke 19.11–27 xs2225 Matt 25.14–30 (Talents) both make good sense on the theory of Luke’s use of Matthew.