British Journal of Political Science


Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies

Herbert P. Kitschelt*

Since the 1960s, successive protest movements have challenged public policies, established modes of political participation and socio-economic institutions in advanced industrial democracies. Social scientists have responded by conducting case studies of such movements. Comparative analyses, particularly cross-national comparisons of social movements, however, remain rare, although opportunities abound to observe movements with similar objectives or forms of mobilization in diverse settings.


* Department of Political Science, Duke University, Durham, N.C. For helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper, I would like to thank Peter Lange, Anthony King, Sidney Tarrow, and two anonymous reviewers for the Journal.