International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care

Research Reports

Evaluating the status of “translating research into practice” at a major academic healthcare system

M. Hasan Rajaba1, Frank J. Villamariaa1 and J. James Rohacka1

a1 The Texas A&M University Health Science Center College of Medicine and Scott & White Healthcare

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the status of translating research findings into practice at a major academic healthcare system in Central Texas.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey addressing knowledge of and participation in translational research of physicians, residents, nurses and third- and fourth-year medical students in a major academic healthcare system in Central Texas.

Results: Out of 508 respondents, 428 (84.3 percent) completed all questions. A total of 68.9 percent of faculty reported having sufficient education and training to conduct research versus 44.4 percent of residents and 35.6 percent of nurses. Fifty-eight percent of faculty, 53 percent of residents and 9 percent of nurses reported current involvement in research activity. A total of 55.6 percent of residents reported that their departments provide them with protected time for research versus 18.4 percent of faculty and 10.3 percent of nurses. In addition, 33.9 percent of nurses reported interest in participating in research but do not know how to start. There were 86.4 percent of faculty, 77.8 percent of residents, and 58 percent of nurses who indicated they were familiar with translational research. However, only 42.7 percent of faculty, 46.7 percent of residents and 35.6 percent of nurses indicated they were aware of any changes in the delivery of care that resulted from research projects.

Conclusions: The study results suggested failure to leverage members of the healthcare team in a systematic process to ensure translation of research findings into practice. Results highlighted the need to merge culture of safety and quality improvement with research while dealing with the daily pressures of patient care.

Footnotes

We thank Dr. Ronald Hogg, Dean Kjar, Melody Ivy, Christie Cummings, Glen Cryer, Jason Ettlinger, Matthew Wright, and Scott & White staff for their contribution to this work.