Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Emotional dynamics of the organism and its parts

Jaak Panksepp a1
a1 Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403


Emotion-science without basic brain-science is only superficially satisfying. Dynamic systems approaches to emotions presently provide a compelling metaphor that raises more difficult empirical questions than substantive scientific answers. How might we close the gap between theory and empirical observations? Such theoretical views still need to be guided by linear cross-species experimental approaches more easily implement in the laboratory.