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Missing the Lisbon Target? Multi-Level Innovation and EU Policy Coordination
ROBERT KAISER a1andHEIKO PRANGE a2 a1 Political Science, University of Munich a2 DG Research, European Commission
At its Lisbon Summit in March 2000, the European Council decided to apply the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) to innovation policies. The aim is to establish a European Research Area, in which the OMC shall increase the coherence of regional, national and European policies. Until now, however, the OMC has only been applied to a very limited extent. We argue that this development is due to the fact that there are specific conditions for policy coordination in the emerging European multi-level innovation system that have hardly been mirrored by late EU initiatives for a more coherent European Research Area and its new open method of coordination.