Epidemiology and Infection



A viral infection of the hand commonly seen after the feast of sacrifice: human orf (orf of the hand)


M. UZEL a1c1, S. SASMAZ a2, S. BAKARIS a3, E. CETINUS a1, E. BILGIC a1, A. KARAOGUZ a1, A. OZKUL a4 and O. ARICAN a2
a1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Medical Faculty of University of Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
a2 Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty of University of Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
a3 Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty of University of Kahramanmaras Sutcuimam, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
a4 Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey

Article author query
uzel m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
sasmaz s   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
bakaris s   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
cetinus e   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
bilgic e   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
karaoguz a   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
ozkul a   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
arican o   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Abstract

Orf of the hand is an uncommon zoonotic infection caused by a dermotropic DNA virus that belongs to the Parapoxvirus genus of the family Poxviridae. It is transmitted to humans through contact with infected sheep and goats and is reported as an occupational disease. We report nine cases of human orf seen in the hands of individuals, who were not occupationally exposed, after the feast of sacrifice in Turkey. Three cases were teachers and six out of the nine were housewives. We observed musculoskeletal complications and misdiagnoses. It is important to consider human orf in the differential diagnosis of hand lesions to prevent overtreatment and complications.

(Accepted December 15 2004)


Correspondence:
c1 KSU Tip Fakultesi Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji AD, 46050, Kahramanmaras, Turkey. (Email: drmuratuzel@ksu.edu.tr or drmuratuzel@hotmail.com)


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