Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Levelt et al.: Lexical access in speech production

Binding, attention, and exchanges

Gary S. Dell a1, Victor S. Ferreira a2 and Kathryn Bock a1
a1 Beckman Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801
a2 Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093


Levelt, Roelofs & Meyer present a comprehensive and sophisticated theory of lexical access in production, but we question its reliance on binding-by-checking as opposed to binding-by-timing and we discuss how the timing of retrieval events is a major factor in both correct and errorful production.