FAMILY STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL POWER: A Multiracial/Ethnic Analysis of Women and Men
This study examines how dimensions of family structure, specifically marriage and parenthood, influence authority attainment among men and women of different racial and ethnic identities. Using survey data from the Multi-City Survey of Urban Inequality, we reach several empirical conclusions. First, the link between family structure and authority attainment is much stronger for women than men, and it revolves more strongly around marriage than parenthood. Second, while marriage decreases White women's odds of holding positions of higher authority, it increases these odds for Black women and Latinas. Third, this “marital bonus” for Black women is most pronounced in predominantly White work settings, allowing them to “play against” stereotypes of group members as single mothers. Fourth, and by contrast, the “marital bonus” for Latinas is strongest in predominantly Latina workplaces, suggesting that Latinas must conform to strong cultural expectations for marriage if they are to gain authority in ingroup work settings. These findings help to illuminate how race, ethnicity, and gender intersect to produce unique linkages between family structure and individual opportunities for organizational power.
Key Words: Race; Gender; Family Structure; Job Power.
c1 Professor Ryan A. Smith, School of Public Affairs, Baruch College, City University of New York, 1 Bernard Baruch Way, Box C-305, New York, NY 10010. E-mail: Rasassoc01@aol.com