Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Heyes, C. M.: Theory of mind in nonhuman primates

Primate theory of mind is a Turing test

Robert W. Mitchell a1 and James R. Anderson a2
a1 Department of Psychology, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY 40475 [email protected]
a2 Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland [email protected]


Heyes's literature review of deception, imitation, and self-recognition is inadequate, misleading, and erroneous. The anaesthetic artifact hypothesis of self-recognition is unsupported by the data she herself examines. Her proposed experiment is tantalizing, indicating that theory of mind is simply a Turing test.