Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Atran: Folk biology

A neurocognitive mechanism for folk biology?

Remo Job a1 and Luca Surian a1
a1 Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Università di Padova, I-35131 Padua, Italy


Atran's putative module for folk biology is evaluated with respect to evidence from patients showing category-specific impairments for living kinds. Existing neuropsychological evidence provides no support for the primacy of categorization at the generic species level. We outline reasons for this and emphasize that such claims should be tested using inductive reasoning tasks.