Doubts about a unified cognitive theory of taxonomic knowledge and its memic status
Roy Ellen a1 a1 Department of Anthropology, Eliot College, University of Kent at Canterbury, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NS United Kingdom
The evidence for a panhuman, cognitively rooted, essence-based
concept of basic natural kind and for certain prototypical phenomenal
forms is increasingly compelling, but there remain doubts as to
whether these two elements combine with a principle of taxonomy
to form a unified, domain-specific theory in the way Atran claims.
The appropriateness of the notion of meme can also be questioned,
as can the assertion that humans are always grouped in ethnobiological
classifications in unambiguous contrast to other animals.