Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society



The acquisition of face and person identity information following anterior temporal lobectomy


MARIA  MORAN  a1 , MICHAEL  SEIDENBERG  a2 c1 , DAVE  SABSEVITZ  a2 , SARA  SWANSON  a3 and BRUCE  HERMANN  a4
a1 West Virginia University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Charleston, West Virginia
a2 Department of Psychology, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago, Illinois
a3 Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Neurology, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
a4 University of Wisconsin, Department of Neurology, Madison, Wisconsin

Article author query
moran m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
seidenberg m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
sabsevitz d   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
swanson s   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
hermann b   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Abstract

Thirty unilateral anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) subjects (15 right and 15 left) and 15 controls were presented a multitrial learning task in which unfamiliar faces were paired with biographical information (occupation, city location, and a person's name). Face recognition hits were similar between groups, but the right ATL group committed more false-positive errors to face foils. Both left and right ATL groups were impaired relative to controls in acquiring biographical information, but the deficit was more pronounced for the left ATL group. Recall levels also varied for the different types of biographical information; occupation was most commonly recalled followed by city name and person name. In addition, city and person name recall was more likely when occupation was also recalled. Overall, recall of biographical information was positively correlated with clinical measures of anterograde episodic memory. Findings are discussed in terms of the role of the temporal lobe and associative learning ability in the successful acquisition of new face semantic (biographical) representations. (JINS, 2005, 11, 237–248.)

(Received December 24 2003)
(Revised August 30 2004)
(Accepted December 7 2004)


Key Words: Person identity network; Face processing; Anterior temporal lobectomy.

Correspondence:
c1 Reprint requests to: Michael Seidenberg, Rosalind Franklin University, Department of Psychology, 3333 Green Bay Road, North Chicago, IL 60064. E-mail: michael.seidenberg@rosalindfranklin.edu


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