Patterns of alcohol use 1 year after traumatic brain injury: A population-based, epidemiological study
This study delineated patterns of alcohol use 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a large, population-based, epidemiological, nonclinical sample, and identified predictors of heavy alcohol use in these individuals. Participants were 1,606 adults identified by review of a South Carolina statewide hospital discharge data set, on the basis of satisfying the Centers for Disease Control case definition of TBI, and were interviewed by telephone 1 year after TBI-related discharge. Alcohol use in the month prior to interview was classified according to categories from the Quantity–Frequency–Variability Index; heavy drinking was defined as nearly daily use with [greater-than-or-equal] 5 drinks at least occasionally, or at least three occasions with [greater-than-or-equal] 5 drinks. A polychotomous logistic regression with 3 response levels (heavy, moderate, and abstinent/infrequent/light drinking) was used to identify predictors of heavy drinking. Heavy drinking in the month prior to interview was reported by 15.4% of participants, while 14.3% reported moderate drinking and 70.3% reported abstinence or light/infrequent drinking. Risk factors for heavy drinking included male gender, younger age, history of substance abuse prior to TBI, diagnosis of depression since TBI, fair/moderate mental health, and better physical functioning. There was no association between drinking patterns and TBI severity. (JINS, 2005, 11, 322–330.)(Received April 27 2004)
(Revised January 3 2005)
(Accepted January 6 2005)
Key Words: Alcohol abuse; Alcohol drinking; Alcoholism; Epidemiological studies; Follow-up studies; Substance abuse; Traumatic brain injury.
c1 Reprint requests to: Michael David Horner, Ph.D., Mental Health Service (116), Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, 109 Bee St., Charleston, SC 29401-5799. E-mail: email@example.com