Author's Response K. Ramakrishna Rao and John Palmer (1987). The anomaly called psi: Recent research and criticism. BBS 10:539–551.
James E. Alcock (1987). Parapsychology: Science of the anomalous or search for the soul? BBS 10:553–643.
My criticisms of parapsychology are neither based on its
subject matter per se, nor simply on a charge of sloppy research,
but rather on the whole pattern of theory and research in this domain.
The lack of a positive definition of psi, the use of ad hoc principles
such as psi-missing and the experimenter psi effect to account for
failures to confirm hypotheses, and the failure to produce a single
phenomenon that can be replicated by neutral investigators are among
the major problems that keep parapsychology outside regular science.
Glicksohn and I agree that anomalous experiences should be