Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Author's Response
K. Ramakrishna Rao and John Palmer (1987). The anomaly called psi: Recent research and criticism. BBS 10:539–551. James E. Alcock (1987). Parapsychology: Science of the anomalous or search for the soul? BBS 10:553–643.

Parapsychology, anomaly, and altered states of consciousness

John Palmer a1
a1 Institute for Parapsychology, Durham, NC 27701


Pseudoscience is not an appropriate label for parapsychology. Although the noise reduction model of extrasensory perception (ESP) is explanatory only in a limited sense, research does exist addressing the correlation between ESP and altered states of consciousness (ASCs). The term anomaly is not appropriately applied to experiences such as out of body experiences (OBEs) per se, but only to the question of their source. Research on both topics should be encouraged.