Parasitology



The global importance of ticks


F. JONGEJAN a1a2c1 and G. UILENBERG a3
a1 Department of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80.165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
a2 Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
a3 ‘A Surgente’, route du Port, 20130 Cargèse (Corsica), France

Article author query
jongejan f   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
uilenberg g   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Abstract

Ticks and tick-borne diseases affect animal and human health worldwide and are the cause of significant economic losses. Approximately 10% of the currently known 867 tick species act as vectors of a broad range of pathogens of domestic animals and humans and are also responsible for damage directly due to their feeding behaviour. The most important tick species and the effects they cause are listed. The impact on the global economy is considered to be high and although some estimates are given, there is a lack of reliable data. The impact of ticks and tick-borne diseases on animal production and public health and their control are discussed.


Key Words: Ticks; tick-borne diseases; global importance; animal production; zoonoses.

Correspondence:
c1 Department of Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, PO Box 80.165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands. Tel: 31-30-253-2568. Fax: 31-30-254-0784. E-mail: F.Jongejan@vet.uu.nl


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