a1 Department of Museum Studies, University of Leicester, 105 Princess Road East, Leicester LE1 7LG, UK. E-mail: <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
a2 Department of Museum Studies, University of Leicester, 105 Princess Road East, Leicester LE1 7LG, UK. E-mail: <email@example.com>.
This paper brings together the evidence bearing on the relationship between the Society of Antiquaries and the women who contributed to it during a significant period when archaeology, through the work of such men as Samuel Lysons and Richard Colt Hoare, was beginning to emerge as a distinct field with its own conceptual and technical systems. It takes its departure from the first substantial appearance by a woman in the Society's publications in 1776, and continues until the accession of a female monarch, Victoria, in 1837, a period of just over sixty years. It explores what women did and what reception they received and assesses the significance of this within the wider processes of the development of an understanding of the past and the shaping of gender relationships through the medium of material culture, in a period that saw fundamental changes in many areas of intellectual and social life, including levels of material consumption and the sentiments surrounding consumerism.