Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society (Series 2)

Research Article

TWO-PARAMETER UNIFORMLY ELLIPTIC STURM–LIOUVILLE PROBLEMS WITH EIGENPARAMETER-DEPENDENT BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

Bhattacharyya T. Bhattacharyyaa1 and Mohandas J. P. Mohandasa1

a1 Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India (tirtha@math.iisc.ernet.in; mohan@math.iisc.ernet.in)

Abstract

We consider the two-parameter Sturm–Liouville system

$$ -y_1''+q_1y_1=(\lambda r_{11}+\mu r_{12})y_1\quad\text{on }[0,1], $$

with the boundary conditions

$$ \frac{y_1'(0)}{y_1(0)}=\cot\alpha_1\quad\text{and}\quad\frac{y_1'(1)}{y_1(1)}=\frac{a_1\lambda+b_1}{c_1\lambda+d_1}, $$

and

$$ -y_2''+q_2y_2=(\lambda r_{21}+\mu r_{22})y_2\quad\text{on }[0,1], $$

with the boundary conditions

$$ \frac{y_2'(0)}{y_2(0)} =\cot\alpha_2\quad\text{and}\quad\frac{y_2'(1)}{y_2(1)}=\frac{a_2\mu+b_2}{c_2\mu+d_2}, $$

subject to the uniform-left-definite and uniform-ellipticity conditions; where $q_{i}$ and $r_{ij}$ are continuous real valued functions on $[0,1]$, the angle $\alpha_{i}$ is in $[0,\pi)$ and $a_{i}$, $b_{i}$, $c_{i}$, $d_{i}$ are real numbers with $\delta_{i}=a_{i}d_{i}-b_{i}c_{i}>0$ and $c_{i}\neq0$ for $i,j=1,2$. Results are given on asymptotics, oscillation of eigenfunctions and location of eigenvalues.

(Received July 27 2004)

Keywords

  • Primary 34B08;
  • Secondary 34B24;
  • Sturm–Liouville equations;
  • definiteness conditions;
  • eigencurves;
  • oscillation theorems