Modern Asian Studies


Angāre and the Founding of the Progressive Writers' Association

Shabana Mahmuda1

a1 The British Library

The book Angāre, a collection of ten short stories by Sajjād xs1E92ahīr, Rashīd Jahān, Axs1E25med 'Alī and Maxs1E25mūduzxs1E93afar published in Lucknow in December 1932, marks a major turning point in the history of Urdu literature. Acting as a powerful catalyst, it initiated a major change in the form and content of Urdu literature and helped to lay the basis for the establishment of the Progressive Writers Association, the most significant Urdu literary movement of the twentieth century.