Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Amodal imagery in rostral premotor areas

Takashi Hanakawa a1, Manabu Honda a2 and Mark Hallett a3
a1 Human Brain Research Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606–8507, Japan [email protected]
a2 Laboratory of Cerebral Integration, NIPS, Myodaiji, Okazaki, 444–8585, Japan; PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, 332–0012, Japan [email protected]
a3 Human Motor Control Section, NINDS, National Institutes for Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1428 [email protected]


Inspired by Rick Grush's emulation theory, we reinterpreted a series of our neuroimaging experiments which were intended to examine the representations of complex movement, modality-specific imagery, and supramodal imagery. The emulation theory can explain motor and cognitive activities observed in cortical motor areas, through the speculation that caudal areas relate to motor-specific imagery and rostral areas embrace an emulator for amodal imagery.