The Journal of African History

Research Article

Pan-Islam and Moroccan resistance to French colonial penetration, 1900–19121

Edmund Burkea1

a1 Merrill College, California

This article marks a beginning at tracing the links between Near Eastern and African Islamic resistance, through an analysis of the ways in which Pan-Islamic agents from Egypt sought to intervene in support of indigenous Moroccan efforts to resist French imperialism during the period 1900 to 1912. The first section explores the general patterns of Pan-Islamic ideology and political action, and places the study of Pan-Islam in the context of studies of African resistance to imperialism. Succeeding sections review Moroccan relations with the Near East, trace the stages of growing Near Eastern involvement in support of Moroccan resistance, which culminated in an abortive general rising in 1912, and assess the strengths and weaknesses of Pan-Islam as a transitional movement of political resistance to imperialism.


1 The research on which this paper is based was conducted under an N.D.E.A.-related Fulbright-Hays grant, 1965–7. The fellowship programme is not responsible for any of the opinions or conclusions expressed in this paper. An earlier version of the paper was presented to the Inter-University Faculty Seminar on African Studies, Ohio University, in February 1970.