a1 Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
a2 Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
a3 Department of Antarctic Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
The initial stages of Umbilicaria aprina Nyl. hydration (starting from the hydration level Δm/m0 = 0.048 ± 0.004) were observed using hydration kinetics, sorption isotherm and proton NMR. The thalli were hydrated from gaseous phase. The total saturation hydration level obtained at the relative humidity p/p0 = 100% was Δm/m0 = 0.848 ± 0.009. The hydration courses revealed i) a fraction of very tightly bound water (Δm/m0 = 0.054 ± 0.011, short hydration time constant, thyd), ii) a fraction of tightly bound water [Δm/m0 = 0.051 ± 0.038, thyd = (4.7 ± 2.6) h], and iii) a loosely bound water pool [thyd = (31.0 ± 1.9) h] for higher values of target humidity. The sorption isotherm of U. aprina was fitted well using Dent model. The relative mass of water saturating primary binding sites was ΔM/m0 = 0.054, which is close to the water fractions. Proton FIDs detected (i + ii) the immobilized tightly bound water fraction, L1, and iii) the mobile, loosely bound water pool L2. The hydration dependence of the proton liquid signal suggests the presence of a significant contribution from a water soluble solid fraction in the thallus. Sorption isotherm fitted to NMR data showed the absence of ‘sealed’ water fraction trapped in pores of the thallus.
(Received July 05 2007)
(Accepted February 22 2008)