The transfer of European farms to Africans began in Kenya a few years before independence in 1963. The main principles of the programmes for land transfer and settlement – the two elements cannot be separated – were laid down at that time and continued thereafter. This article describes their history and main features, sets out the principles on which they were based, and explains the financial arrangements. It then analyses the experience of land transfer and settlement, and suggests lessons that may be drawin form this knowledge.
* Warden of Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford. This article draws on Gerald Holtham and Arthur Hazlewood, Aid and Inequality in Kenya: British development assistance to Kenya (London, 1976), ch. 5.