Aberrant interleukin-2 receptor-mediated blastoformation of peripheral blood lymphocytes in a severe major depressive episode
Background. We examined interleukin-2 (IL-2) related immune pathways in depression to elucidate mechanisms underlying various immunological disturbances associated with depression.
Methods. Subjects comprised 35 unmedicated patients with a major depressive episode without psychotic features and 36 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. The immune parameters examined included the numbers of B and T cells, IL-2 receptor-mediated blastoformation (IL-2R-mediated blastoformation), IL-2 production and expression of the IL-2 receptor α-subunit.
Results. The patients with a severe episode showed significantly lower IL-2R-mediated blastoformation than the controls. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between IL-2R-mediated blastoformation and the severity of depression at the time of entry.
Conclusion. The reduced IL-2R-mediated blastoformation may partly explain several previously reported abnormal immune functions associated with depression.
c1 Address for correspondence: Dr Shigenobu Kanba, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Yamanashi Medical University, 1110 Shimo-kato, Tamaho-cho, Nakakoma-gun, Yamanashi-ken, 409–38, Japan.