The Journal of Modern African Studies


Tragic Tradeoffs: Democracy and Security in Chad

William F. S. Miles*

Anarchic tendencies in Chad serve as a cautionary example of what the on-going reconfiguration of Africa may entail. Interim institutions of government set up by a Sovereign National Conference, which was convened two years after the downfall of the despotic régime of Hissène Habré in December 1990, have generated deep disappointment. Democratisation has proceeded fitfully. The economy remains stagnant. Strikes in the public sector reflect the ‘social crisis’. Worst of all, the security situation has deteriorated substantially and the state is suffering from a severe lack of authority.


* Associate Professor of Political Science, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts. The views and analysis presented in this study stem from the author's conusltancy between December 1993 and January 1994 under contract with Associates in Rural Development (ARD, Inc.) for the United States Agency of Development Misson in Chad, and do not necessarily reflect the position of either US AID or any other organ of the American Government. A version of this article was delivered at the African Studies Association annual meeting in Toronto, November 1994.