Bulletin of Entomological Research

Research Article

Survival and infection probabilities of anthropophagic anophelines from an area of high prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum in humans

J.D. Charlwooda1, T. Smitha2 c1, P.F. Billingsleya3 p1, W. Takkena4, E.O.K. Lyimoa1 and J.H.E.T. Meuwissena5

a1 Ifakara Centre, PO Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania

a2 Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Socinstrasse 57, Postfach, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland

a3 Department of Biology, Imperial College of Science and Technology, Prince Consort Road, London SW7, UK

a4 Department of Entomology, Wageningen Agricultural University, PO Box 8031, Wageningen, The Netherlands

a5 Department of Microbiology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Abstract

Delayed and immediate oocyst rates; parous rates and sporozoite rates were obtained in Anopheles gambiae Giles, A. arabiensis Patten and A. funestus Giles from two villages in the Kilombero Valley, southern Tanzania during the wet season of 1991. Collection methods included light trap, indoor resting collection and nets with holes cut in their side. Mosquito survival estimates from parous rates obtained from light trap collections, were compared with estimates from capture–recapture experiments and from that obtained during a population decline. Methods of estimating the proportion of feeds infectious to mosquitoes, K, were also compared. This proportion varied between villages and species and was highest in the village with the greatest proportion of A. gambiae. We propose that absolute estimates of K should be obtained by determining the immediate oocyst rate and measuring the parous rate using the same host seeking mosquitoes. This estimate was only available from one village and ranged from 1.9% for A. gambiae s.l. to 3.4% for A. funestus.

(Accepted March 02 1997)

Correspondence:

c1 Author for correspondence.

p1 Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen, AB9 2TN, UK.