Natural Language Engineering


Software Architecture for Language Engineering

a1 Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S1 4DP, UK e-mail:
a2 ITRI, University of Brighton, Lewes Road, Brighton, BN2 4GJ, UK e-mail:

Article author query
cunningham h   [Google Scholar] 
scott d   [Google Scholar] 

Every building, and every computer program, has an architecture: structural and organisational principles that underpin its design and construction. The garden shed once built by one of the authors had an ad hoc architecture, extracted (somewhat painfully) from the imagination during a slow and non-deterministic process that, luckily, resulted in a structure which keeps the rain on the outside and the mower on the inside (at least for the time being). As well as being ad hoc (i.e. not informed by analysis of similar practice or relevant science or engineering) this architecture is implicit: no explicit design was made, and no records or documentation kept of the construction process.

(Received June 1 2004)