Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology



Annotation

Idiopathic toe-walking: a review


Debra A Sala  MS PT a1c1, Lisa H Shulman  MD a2, Rose F Kennedy a3, Alfred D Grant  MD a4 and Mary Lynn Y Chu  MD a5
a1 Center for Neuromuscular and Developmental Disorders, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, USA
a2 Children's Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center, New York, USA
a3 Center University Affiliated Programs, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, USA
a4 New York University Department of Orthopedics, New York, USA
a5 Center for Neuromuscular and Developmental Disorders, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, USA

Abstract

Idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) is a term used to describe the condition in which children walk with a toe–toe gait pattern in the absence of any known cause. It has also been referred to as habitual toe-walking and congenital short tendo calcaneus (tendo Achilles).

(Accepted July 3 1999)


Correspondence:
c1 Center for Neuromuscular and Developmental Disorders, Hospital for Joint Diseases, 301 East 17th Street, New York, NY 10003, USA.