Intersubjective Properties by Which We Specify Pain, Pleasure, and Other Kinds of Mental States
How do people learn names for kinds of sensations? Wittgenstein identifies two possibilities. 1. Direct
acquaintance: A person feels a sensation, notes its intrinsic character, and sets about to use the word thereafter for this sensation. 2. Outward
signs: A person pins his use of the word to the sensation's outward signs. Wittgenstein rejects 1 and endorses 2. He thinks a sensation name can be learned only if people pin their use of the word to outward signs. I identify a third
procedure and show we name many sensations and other kinds of mental states this way.