Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Incorporating semantics and individual differences in models of working memory

Janice M. Keenan a1, Jukka Hyönä a2 and Johanna K. Kaakinen a2
a1 Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208 [email protected]
a2 Department of Psychology, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku, Finland [email protected] [email protected]


Ruchkin et al.'s view of working memory as activated long-term memory is more compatible with language processing than models such as Baddeley's, but it raises questions about individual differences in working memory and the validity of domain-general capacity estimates. Does it make sense to refer to someone as having low working memory capacity if capacity depends on particular knowledge structures tapped by the task?