Religious Studies

Research Article

Hell and the God of Justice1

Marilyn McCord Adamsa1

a1 Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Los Angeles

Christians have often held that on the day of judgment God will condemn some persons who have disobeyed him to a hell of everlasting torment and total unhappiness from which there is no hope of escape, as a punishment for their deeds up to that time. This is not the only way that hell has been or could be conceived of, but it has been the predominant conception in the Christian church throughout much of its history and it is the one on which I shall focus in this paper.


1 I am indebted to a number of people for helpful comments, especially to Robert M. Adams, Nelson Pike, Diana F. Ackerman, Norman Malcolm, and Carl Ginet.