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A review of the conservation status of the endemic Pritchardia palms of Hawaii


Melany H. Chapin a1c1, Kenneth R. Wood a2, Steven P. Perlman a3 and Mike Maunder a4
a1 Bishop Museum Research Affiliate, PMB 259–200, Kanoelehua Avenue, Hilo, Hawaii 96720-4648, USA
a2 P.O. Box 745, Eleele, Hawaii 96705, USA
a3 National Tropical Botanical Garden, 3530 Papalina Road, Kalaheo, Hawaii 96741, USA
a4 Fairchild Tropical Garden, 10901 Old Cutler Road, Coral Gables, Miami, FL 33156-4296, USA

Article author query
chapin mh   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
wood kr   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
perlman sp   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
maunder m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 

Abstract

The conservation status of 23 Hawaiian endemic palms, Pritchardia spp., is reviewed. Field survey reports, recovery plans, herbaria holdings and observations have been utilized to assess each taxon's current range and status. Eleven species are categorized as Critically Endangered, nine Endangered, two Vulnerable and one as Data Deficient when subject to the IUCN Red List criteria. Conservation management options are discussed. A large proportion of this genus is on the verge of extinction and will continue to decline in the wild without active conservation management. Recommendations involving long-term management include maintaining and protecting the existing wild populations, establishment of effective ex situ populations, reintroduction into the wild, and the establishment of procedures to deal with invasive plants and animals.

(Received November 19 2002)
(Revised September 4 2003)
(Accepted November 25 2003)


Key Words: Arecaceae; Hawaii; Pacific islands; palms; Pritchardia; Red List.

Correspondence:
c1 Correspondence: Bishop Museum Research Affiliate, PMB 259–200, Kanoelehua Avenue, Hilo, Hawaii 96720-4648, USA. E-mail biologistmhc@earthlink.net


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