a1 University of Düsseldorf
The German uvular /R/ probably shows more surface variation than any other segment in the language. (1) illustrates that /R/ has a vocalic allophone [A], which can surface either as a glide or a vowel, a sonorant consonant allophone, which is pronounced as a uvular trill or approximant, and two obstruent allophones:
In the present study I focus on the rules producing the consonantal allophones of /R/ in both Standard German and in certain dialects of the Lower Rhineland (henceforth LRG).
* I would like to thank Heinz Giegerich, Ellen Kaisse, Wolfgang Kehrein, Richard Wiese and three anonymous reviewers for helpful criticisms. Needless to say, all errors are my own. Funding was provided by the Sonderforschungsbereich ‘Theorie des Lexikons’ (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft). An earlier version of this article was presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of the Linguistics Society of America in January 1992 in Philadelphia.