Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences



THE ACHILLES' HEEL OF THE GSR SHUFFLE: A NOTE ON NEW AGE SOLITAIRE


Anke  van Zuylen  a1 and Frans  Schalekamp  a1
a1 Operations Research & Industrial Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, E-mail: frans@cs.cornell.edu; anke@orie.cornell.edu

Article author query
van zuylen a   [Google Scholar] 
schalekamp f   [Google Scholar] 
 

Abstract

We show that winning the game New Age Solitaire only depends on the number of rising sequences in the deck used. The probability of winning for the special case of a new deck that is shuffled using the GSR shuffle (and two variants) are studied. We show that this game pinpoints the Achilles' heel of the GSR shuffle as is demonstrated using the variation distance.