Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary

Anticipation is the key to understanding music and the effects of music on emotion

Peter Vuusta1a2 and Chris D. Fritha1a3

a1 Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Hospital, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark

a2 Royal Academy of Music, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark

a3 Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College, London, WC1 N 3BG, United Kingdom


There is certainly a need for a framework to guide the study of the physiological mechanisms underlying the experience of music and the emotions that music evokes. However, this framework should be organised hierarchically, with musical anticipation as its fundamental mechanism.

Related Articles

    Emotional responses to music: The need to consider underlying mechanisms Patrik N. Juslin and Daniel Västfjäll Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, SE-75142 Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Psychology, Göteborg University, SE-40530 Göteborg, Sweden