Journal of the International Phonetic Association


Computer-coded Phonemic Notation of Individual Languages of the European Community

J. C. Wellsa1

a1 Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, U.K.

This paper is intended to provide a general orientation regarding the articulatory phonetics of the languages involved in the SAM project, as described in Wells (1987): it comprises a brief statement of the phonemic system of each language (the consonants and vowels, and how they are transcribed), together with notes on the most salient realizational and suprasegmental characteristics. As in Wells (1987), the objective is to assign a computer-coded phonemic notation, referred to as SAM-PA, using only the printable symbols from the 7-bit ASCII series.