Demersal fish fauna of the Weddell Sea, Antarctica
The demersal fish fauna of the southern and eastern Weddell Sea is described. The following species were recorded for the first time in this area: Aethotaxis mitopteryx, Bathyraja eatoni, B. Maccaini, B. sp2 (FAO-list), Bathydraco marri, Dissostichus mawsoni, Macrourus holotrachys, Muraenolepis sp., Notothenia coriiceps, Notothenia kempi, Psilodraco spec. and Trematomus nicolai. In terms of biomass the dominant species on the very narrow eastern continental shelf were Chionodraco myersi (49%), Trematomus eulepidotus (11%), C. hamatus (7%), T. lepidorhinus (6%), Pagetopsis maculatus (5%) and T. scotti, Cryodraco antarcticus, Cygnodraco mawsoni and Pleuragramma antarcticum (4% each). The highest density of individuals and greatest biomass was found between 400 and 650 m water depth. Here, C. myersi, T. eulepidotus and T. lepidorhinus dominated the catches. The shallow shelf area was inhabited by smaller species such as T. scotti, T. centronotus, P. maculatus, Artedidraco skottsbergii, A. shackletoni, and Prionodraco evansii. In the southern Weddell Sea Akarotaxis nudiceps, Dolloidraco longedorsalis, Gerlachea australis, Pleuragramma antarcticum, and Trematomus loennbergi were dominant. Members of the Channichthyidae occurred only occasionally, most of these are Dacodraco hunteri. The biomass of the demersal fish fauna was estimated to be 0.3 to 1.6 t km−2 on the Vestkapp shelf and 0.1 to 0.4 t km−2 for Gould Bay. Biomass values greater than 1.0 t km−2 were found at the shelf edge.(Received July 13 1989)
(Accepted January 9 1990)
Key Words: Artedidraconidae; Bathydraconidae; Channichthyidae; Nototheniidae; distribution; biomass.