Alkaline-ultramafic lamprophyre dykes from the Vestfold Hills, Princess Elizabeth Land (East Antarctica): primitive magmas of deep mantle origin
Alkaline dykes tentatively dated at [similar]1.3 Ga cut the Vestfold Hills in a consistent N–S to N15°E direction. They form a spectrum between more abundant ultramafic lamprophyres (UML) corresponding broadly to H2O–CO2-rich nephelinites, and alkaline lamprophyres (AL), representing H2O–CO2-rich basanites. Olivine (Fo46–93, averaging Fo75) is abundant only in the UML, but both types carry primary diopsidic clinopyroxene with complex zoning; amphibole (pargasite, hastingsite, kaersutite with up to 8.6% TiO2); titanian phlogopite (up to 10% TiO2); feldspars (orthoclase, anorthoclase, albite and andesine), nepheline (K-poor and Si-rich), ilmenite (up to 1% MgO and MnO), chrome titanomagnetite, and carbonate (magnesian calcite, ferroan dolomite, breunnerite). Lamprophyric peculiarities include the local coexistence of three feldspars, extremely Ti-rich amphiboles and micas, and the presence of globular structures and possibly primary carbonates. Some dykes carry small but abundant lherzolite xenoliths, others carry chromian diopside (1% Cr2O3) and En58–76 orthopyroxene xenocrysts. The dykes represent primitive, mantle-derived magmas which have undergone varying but generally low degrees of polybaric fractionation, together perhaps with mixing of more primitive and fractionated batches, during their ascent through the crust.(Received October 1 1990)
(Accepted August 1 1991)
Key Words: alkaline dyke; geochemistry; lamprophyre; mineralogy; petrology.
p1 Dept. Cartes et Syntheses, BRGM, Ave. de Concyr, BP6009 Orléans, France