Antarctic Science

Papers—Life Sciences and Oceanography

Distribution, reproduction and population dynamics of the Antarctic gammaridean amphipod Eusirus perdentatus Chevreux, 1912 (Crustacea)

Michael Klages a1
a1 Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany

Article author query
klages m   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


The geographical distribution and depth zonation of Eusirus perdentatus Chevreux, 1912 in the eastern Weddell Sea and adjacent Lazarev Sea (Antarctica) is described. A total of 963 individuals of this carnivorous predator caught during six successive cruises at 71 stations between 176 and 799 metres water depths were used. Individuals of E. perdentatus have been kept alive for nearly five months in the laboratory. During this period females released 53 juveniles in April. Oocytes and embryos of females have been counted and measured. The duration of embryonic development in E. perdentatus was estimated at c. 12 months, using an empirical relationship based on the mean diameter of 4390 fertilized eggs. There is strong evidence that this species is semelparous with hatching of juveniles at the end of austral summer. Two methods, herein termed as Year Class Model and Moult Class Model, have been applied in order to describe the growth of females by means of cumulative length-frequency data.

(Received June 30 1992)
(Accepted May 5 1993)

Key Words: Eusirus perdentatus; population dynamics; gammaridean amphipod; benthic invertebrates.