Eclogite at the Antarctic palaeo-Pacific active margin of Gondwana (Lanterman Range, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica)
Well-preserved eclogites were found for the first time in Antarctica, at the Lanterman Range, northern Victoria Land. They are part of a mafic–ultramafic belt that lies between the Wilson Terrane, representing part of the palaeo-Pacific margin of Gondwana, and the Bowers Terrane, a Cambro-Ordovician volcanic are and related sediments, accreted to the margin during the Ross Orogeny. The eclogites formed at temperatures in the range 750–850°C and pressures above 15 kbar and subsequently experienced a decompressional path to low pressure amphibolite facies conditions. The formation and exhumation of eclogites and the attainment of the metamorphic peak in adjacent rock units is consistent with a plate convergent setting model at the palaeo-Pacific margin of Gondwana.(Received December 15 1995)
(Accepted April 17 1996)
Key Words: Antarctica; early Palaeozoic; subduction-accretion margin.