Understanding and Explaining Civil Service Reform: A Reply to Dowding and James
a2 and MARTIN J.
a1 Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Birmingham
a2 School of Politics and Communication Studies, University of Liverpool
a3 Department of Politics, University of Sheffield
Dowding and James's response to our critique of the bureau-shaping model makes some important criticisms that we welcome. 1 However, we suggest that they ignore the empirical evidence we presented in our original article (because of their narrow definition of acceptable data) and we believe that they misunderstand our arguments because of the positivist paradigm within which they operate. Our response covers three main issues – epistemology, methods and evidence.
1 D. Marsh, D. Richards and M. J. Smith, ‘Bureaucrats, Politicians and Reform in Whitehall: Analysing the Bureau-shaping Model’, British
Science, 30 (2000), 461–82.