officinalis on Siberian Larch in the Urals
|ANDRZEJ CHLEBICKI a1, VIKTOR A. MUKHIN a2 and NADEZHDA USHAKOVA a2|
a1 W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz Str. 46, PL-31-512 Krakow, Poland; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
a2 Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, 8 March Str. 202, Yekaterinburg, 620144, Russia, e-mail: email@example.com
officinalis (Vill.: Fr.) Bondartsev & Singer (Laricifomes
officinalis) has a holarctic distribution in three large areas: West-Europe, North America, Ural-Siberia, and some small populations in Morocco (Maire, 1914; Malençon, 1955), China (Dai, 2000), Japan and Korea (Gilbertson & Ryvarden, 1986). Undoubtedly, the European as well as the West-Siberian populations are relicts, like their host populations, especially Larix spp. Branke (1896) suggested that the relict localities of F.
officinalis on Larix
deciduas Mill. in Poland can be recognized as evidence of continuous larch forest occupying large parts of the Europe during cold post-glacial periods. At present, the species is most common in Siberia from the foothills of the Ural Mountains to the shores of the Pacific Ocean (Murashkinskij, 1939; Bondartsev, 1953; Lyubarskij & Vassiljeva, 1975; Mikhaleva, 1993; Mukhin, 1993). It is rare also in North America (Overholts, 1953; Gilbertson, 1980).
Key Words: fungi; Fomitopsis
officinalis; distribution; Larix
sibirica; Ural Mts.