Behavioral and Brain Sciences



The E-Z Reader model of eye-movement control in reading: Comparisons to other models


Erik D. Reichle a1, Keith Rayner a2 and Alexander Pollatsek a3
a1 Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 reichle@pitt.edu
a2 Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003 rayner@psych.umass.edu
a3 Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003 pollatsek@psych.umass.edu

Abstract

The E-Z Reader model (Reichle et al. 1998; 1999) provides a theoretical framework for understanding how word identification, visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading. Then we provide an updated version of the model (E-Z Reader 7) and describe how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading. We then review several alternative models of eye movement control in reading, discussing both their core assumptions and their theoretical scope. On the basis of this discussion, we conclude that E-Z Reader provides the most comprehensive account of eye movement control during reading. Finally, we provide a brief overview of what is known about the neural systems that support the various components of reading, and suggest how the cognitive constructs of our model might map onto this neural architecture.


Key Words: attention; eye-movement control; E-Z Reader; fixations; lexical access; models; reading; regressions; saccades.


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