a1 Department of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ
In recent years there has been considerable progress in the study of certain linear maps of C*-algebras which preserve the natural partial ordering. The most tractable such maps, the completely positive ones, have proved to be of great importance in the structure theory of C*-algebras(4). However general positive (order-preserving) linear maps are (at present) very intractable. For example, there is no algebraic formula which enables one to construct a general positive map, even on the algebra of 3 3 complex matrices. It is therefore of interest to study conditions stronger than positivity, but weaker than complete positivity.
(Received February 23 1983)