Fusaproliferin, beauvericin and fumonisin production by different mating populations among the Gibberella fujikuroi complex isolated from maize
The production of fumonisins, fusaproliferin and beauvericin by Gibberella fujikuroi different mating populations isolated from maize in Argentina was evaluated. From 203 strains of Fusarium verticillioides (G. fujikuroi mating population A), 193 were fumonisin producers. Among members of mating population A, female fertile strains produced 20% more toxin than female sterile ones. Among 78 Fusarium proliferatum strains (G. fujikuroi mating population D) 65 produced fumonisins. The percentage of strains that were high, intermediate and low level toxin producers varied according to the species evaluated and the area from which the strains were isolated. Fusarium subglutinans (G. fujikuroi mating population E) strains produced low levels or were no fumonisin producers. Strains from both G. fujikuroi mating populations D and E were able to produce fusaproliferin and beauvericin. Among the members of F. subglutinans (G. fujikuroi mating population E) the fusaproliferin production was more constant. Co-production of fumonisin, fusaproliferin and beauvericin among the strains belonging to G. fujikuroi D and E was also observed. The co-production of fumonisin, beauvericin and fusaproliferin in maize need to be considered, since from the toxicological point of view interactions between these toxins could occur. The toxigenic ability of the strains evaluated prompt us that is necessary to determine the natural occurrence of fusaproliferin and beauvericin in Argentinean maize.(Received April 13 2003)
(Accepted November 13 2003)
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