a1 University of Warwick, Coventry
a2 Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, and M.I.T
1. Let V be an l-dimensional real vector space and let W be a finite subgroup of GL(V) generated by reflexions such that the space of W-invariant vectors in V is zero. Then W acts naturally on the symmetric algebra S of V preserving the natural grading . LetI be the ideal in S generated by the w-invariant elements in . The quotient algebra inherits the W-action and also a grading
is the image of Sk under S → S̅. It is well known that the W-module S̅ is isomorphic to the regular representation of W (see (3), ch. v, 5·2); in particular, S̅k = 0 for large k. (More precisely, S̅k = 0 for k > ν, where ν is the number of reflexions in W.)If ρ is an irreducible character of W, we denote by nk(ρ) the multiplicity of ρ in the W- module S̅k. The sequence n(ρ) = (n0(ρ), n1(ρ), n2(ρ), …) is an interesting invariant of the character ρ For example, in the study of unipotent classes in semisimple groups, one encounters the following question: what is the smallest k for which nk(ρ) 4= 0 (with ρ as above) and, then, what is nk(ρ) Also, the polynomial in q
can sometimes be interpreted as the dimension of an irreducible representation of a Chevalley group over the field with q elements. For these reasons it seems desirable to describe explicitly the sequence n(ρ) (or, equivalently, the polynomial Pρ(q)) for the various irreducible characters ρ of W. When W is a Weyl group of type Al, this is contained in the work of Steinberg (8); in the case where W is a Weyl group of type Bl or Dl this is done in (7),§2.
(Received March 08 1978)