Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems

Research Article

On the subsystems of topological Markov chains

Wolfgang Kriegera1

a1 Institut für Angewandte Mathematik der Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 294, D-6900, Heidelberg 1

Abstract

Let SA be an irreducible and aperiodic topological Markov chain. If SĀ is an irreducible and aperiodic topological Markov chain, whose topological entropy is less than that of SA, then there exists an irreducible and aperiodic topological Markov chain, whose topological entropy equals the topological entropy at SĀ, and that is a subsystem of SA. If S is an expansive homeomorphism of the Cantor discontinuum, whose topological entropy is less than that of SA, and such that for every jℕ the number of periodic points of least period j of S is less than or equal to the number of periodic points of least period j of SA, then S is topological conjugate to a subsystem of SA.

(Received October 30 1981)